Theme 1.1 - Increasing Access to Priority Degree Programs for Economic Development

 

The objective of this theme is to expand enrollment in degree programs that are of direct relevance for future economic development. Special attention will be given to increase female enrollment in priority degree programs, through initiatives such as: (a) providing scholarships for female students from disadvantaged backgrounds to enroll in priority degree programs; (b) strengthening orientation, counseling and support services for women in universities; (c) improving transportation services to and from universities; and (d) developing on-line higher education courses to expand opportunities, especially for women who are physically constrained for cultural reasons from attending universities. The expected increase in student numbers will also require expansion of a variety of physical facilities and equipment, such as lecture halls, tutorial rooms, ICT facilities and equipment, science and medical laboratories and equipment, libraries and e-resources, residential facilities and water and sanitation.

 

With the activities being performed under this theme, MoHE/HEDP aims to expand enrollment in degree programs that are of direct relevance for future economic development. Special attention is given to increase female enrollment in priority degree programs.

 

1.1: Expanding Enrollment in Priority Degree Disciplines and Promotion of Female Enrollment in Priority Degree Programs

 

Outputs: More female individuals must have access to higher education.

 

(a) Providing scholarships:

 

Through HEDP and the financial support of the World Bank, in order to improve the qualification of the University’s faculty members, and increase the number of academics who are qualified to at least a Master’s degree, since 2015 some male and female lecturers of Jawzjan University have been introduced for Mastery & PhD programs.

The criteria for candidates are:

  1. The applicant should be an official faculty member of the University
  2. The applicant should have fluency in the English Language
  3. The applicant should not be more than 35 years old
  4. The applicant should have the written agreement of their department
  5. The applicant should provide an official guarantee guaranteeing his/her return and working in the same department for a period of 5 years.

Orientation Program:

The key for economic development in a country is well-quality-education, not the number of pupils or their acceptance and graduation.

Higher education is such an imperative and sensitive affair in any society as it leads nations towards higher stages of development. Analyzing the course of a country's development through the elements of higher education namely, the number of higher education institutions, standard of education, aptitude of teachers, number of students in higher education, number of theses being produced every year and the number of research journals published by the higher education institutes makes it easier to measure the pace of progress.                 

Higher education is also considered an indicator because the graduates of colleges and universities provide the future leadership in social, ideological, educational, political and national life. They also play a key role in determining the characteristics of a society, driving it towards rise or fall, or steering it towards right or wrong directions.

Student Orientation Program:

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Starting college can cause much anxiety in the heart of a new college student because of all the unknowns–"What should my major be? Will I make any friends? How will I find all of my classes? Whom do I ask if I have a question?" New student orientation programs are designed to guide students in answering all of these questions. Prior to the beginning of classes, students are given an overview of the complete realm of university life, from academics to social activities, through a period of days referred to as orientation.

Introduction to College Life:

Introducing students to college life requires presenting as full a view as possible of all the university has to offer. Therefore, academics as well as extracurricular activities should be presented. During orientation, students should be made aware of opportunities to be socially integrated into the college culture.

Orientation programs begin before classes start; therefore students usually will need to register for classes during orientation. Because new students need some direction and guidance in enrolling for classes, faculty members should have an opportunity to provide academic advising at orientation. An academic component to orientation will give the new students the advantage they will need in making the transition from high school to college. By giving a strong overview of academic expectations, students will be better prepared to meet the challenges of collegiate academics. Therefore, in order to give the most accurate view of an institution, there must be both an academic and social component to the orientation program.

Becoming Familiar with the New Environment:

The second aspect of the role of orientation is acclimating students to their new environment. After moving into a new neighborhood, one would ideally like a few days to learn one's way around the new neighborhood. Likewise, orientation should allow students to get their bearings in their new home. For some students, going to college is their first time away from home, so orientation should give them time to become familiar with their new surroundings. New students should meet their roommates and find their classrooms. Through guided tours, campus maps, or even time to just wander, orientation provides a safe avenue for new students to find their way around campus.

Welcome to the Community!

The university community should not only be involved in the preparation and implementation of orientation programs but also have an opportunity to meet the new students. Unlike some of the other programs within campus life, orientation requires the cooperation and the resources of the entire campus community including faculty, dining services, housing, facilities management, and student activities groups.

For the first time an orientation program for fresh female students conducted at Jawzjan University

The orientation program was designed and financially supported by HEDP - WB.

With close coordination of university authorities. The program held for three days (22 to 25 Nov 2017)

The program covered the following topics:

  1. Well Come Note
  2. Objectives of Orientation
  3. Introduction, Goals & Objectives of HEDP
  4. Introduction of Jawzjan University ( Academic, Students and administrative affairs)
  5. Role & regulation of higher education
  6. Academic policies
  7. Dormitory guide & policies.
  8. Other more related topics

The presenters appointed by the university authorities and based on prepared plan and agenda, the mentioned topics presented to fresh students.

A large number of female students participated at the orientation from covered faculties of Jawzjan University.

Leadership Board University, deans of faculties, heads of departments, and head of some administrative offices participated at the orientation program.

700 hundred female students participated at the orientation program. Through financial support of HEDP, some stationary and refreshments procured and during the program distributed to the participants.

 

The main objectives of the Orientation were to:

  1. Get to know about history of Jawzjan University, academic and administrative members, number of faculties, departments, number of students (current and graduated)
  2. Get to know about teaching and learning facilities
  3. Get to know about education systems, credit systems, academic rule and regulation, educational practices, sport programs etc.
  4. To help female students to become familiar with University life and campus
  5. Get to know about the university physical sections such as dormitory, library, laboratories, IT center, lectures and administrative blocks, cafeteria, Masjed Sharif, playground etc.

Findings:

 

 Afghanistan has been facing much abnormalities. Internal war and lack of management and standard system posing on education system.

Supporting higher education systems, improving current facilities and conducting such orientation program increase the capacity of students and lecturers and enable them to become familiarize and follow the standers.

Suggestions: through observation of orientation contents, activities and importance of academic rule, credit system and educational program, continuance of such orientation program would support the higher education system, increase the information and capacity of students and make close the higher education’s systems to their anticipated goals and objectives.

 

Lessons Learned:

 

Fresh students do not know more about History of Jawzjan University, Academic rule, credit system, educational program and etc.

Time Management before and after the orientation, during the breaks should be affectively managed.

Coordination between students coming from faculties, facilitators and organizers should be good. Maktoobs, participant list, Information sheet, sign in sheet are issues that should be pre-organized by the related departments and facilitators in order to avoid any further inconvenience.

More, sufficient and related pictures, presentations and charts must be available during the presentation.

Through close observation and consideration, overall the orientation program in Jawzjan University was evaluated satisfactory by the participants and leadership board of university.

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1. 2: Transportation for Girls:

For the first time in Jawzjan University history, some of the female students use transportation thanks to the HEDP, MoHE & Jawzjna University.

The minibus services provided by HEDP offer students a convenient way to commute from their homes to university and back from university to their homes.

As a result of HEDP initiatives, female students enjoy safe transportation form a minibus, which get them to and from the university.

So far, a large number of female students have benefited from such services, where the need for safe, reliable transportation is much higher because of the lack of public transport or safety concerns.
The benefited students say that safe transportation has been crucial to their success.
They believe that “the most important point is that females feel very safe knowing that they are being transported by an institution they can trust, an institution that will not tolerate harassment of women or discriminate based on gender or financial status”.

Free and safe transportation has improved their attendance in class, said the students.

With request of Jawzjan University and plan of HEDP, a Custer Bus delivered to Jawjzja University.

 

Description:

  1. Make: Toyota or Similar
  2. Model: Coaster 2016 or Similar
  3. Engine Capacity: 4000 cc – 4600 cc, Engine: 4.2 L – 5 L
  4. Steering: Power
  5. Steering Position: Left Hand of Driver
  6. Feathers: Cooling system
  7. Fuel: Diesel or LPG Gas
  8. Passenger Capacity: 26 seats – 30 seats
  9. Engine Type: Diesel=N04C Diesel Turbo or LPG 1BZ-FPE
  10. Color: White
  11. Number of Doors: 2
  12. Switch Board: FM Radio, Audio System, Cassette Player and CD player
  13. Safety: High mount stop Lamp, Fire extinguisher and Front seat belts

Through criteria, the needy female students selected.

A timetable is set in 2 shift morning and afternoon.

The beneficiaries are really happy and safely and without any concern come to university, because they live far from university, also they have financial problems.

Before this, they were really facing financial and transportation systems problems.

By receiving the bus, their problems solved somewhat.

 

1.2: Counselling Center:

 

University life in actual meaning is not only to study some chapters, but the objective of a university and higher education institute is to provide students opportunities to reach their full potentials in the area of educational, career, social and emotional development. Facing life’s new and different chapter is a challenge for every new comer of university in various areas such as: social, educational, religious and etc. Indeed no one is able to come up with all problems by him/herself; obviously, support and advice of family, friends, and mates are important. But, to identify the problem and find an accurate solution for it in a short period of time while accepting lesser risk, students need to benefit from professional advices.

Thus, Counseling/ advising Unit with professional counselors and advisors is a good base for students for achieving self- actualization.

As the Higher Education Development Project with coordination of Ministry of Higher Education tries to achieve the objectives of the National Higher Education Strategic Plan II (NHESPII), HEDP- WB (Higher Education Development Program) wants to put a step ahead and support MoHE in establishing a counselling/ advising center as a pilot project.

There is Psychology Department in Faculty of Social Science in Jawzjan University.

Based on Request of Jawzjan University and support of HEDP- WB & MoHE, a Counselling Center is established in Jawzjan University.

By establishing of center, many psychological issues which students are facing, would be solved.

Center establishment is a great measure and achievement for HEDP - WB, MoHE and Jawzjan University.

A survey conducted and the necessary Information and data has been collected.

 

Sustainability

The Center established completely and given to university, according to Higher Education Development Project (HEDP) policy, the maintenance of the counselling center would be the responsibility of university itself.

The main objectives of this center at first step is to decrease students’ academic problems, and build their personality in order to have better academic life while coping up with unwanted problems.

And, specifically this advising center aims at: 3

 

  1. Assisting the students to identify and recognize their interest, values, abilities and capacities, skills and positive personality traits and to match these with their chosen careers.
  2. Assisting students in decision making in various areas such as: education, marriage, career selection and etc.
  3. Preparing students with knowledge, values, experiences, and prepare them for the job market.